Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE)
Federal System with multi-party democracy
Regional States/City Administrations
Tigray; Oromia; Amhara; Afar; Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region; Benshangul Gumuz; Harari; Gambella; Addis Ababa City Administration; Dire Dawa Administrative Council.
1.14 million square kilometers
80.1 million (July 2010)
Ethiopia is a multi-ethnic state with diverse languages. Amharic is the working language of the Federal Government. English is widely used in business transactions, and as a medium of instruction in secondary schools and higher educational institutions.
Major religions are Christianity and Islam.
Ethiopia uses a unique calendar which divides the year into 12 months of 30 days each. The remaining five or six days in a leap year constitute the short 13th month of “Pagumen”. The calendar is seven years behind the Gregorian calendar with the Ethiopian new year falling in the month of September.
8 July – 7 July
Ethiopia is in the GMT+3 time zone. Government office hours are 8:30am-12:30pm and 1:30-5:30pm from Monday –Thursday and on Fridays from 8:30-11:30am and 1:30-5:30pm.
1 Birr = 100 cents
International dialing code